A Fine Pair of 18th Century George III Three Branch Candelabra

John Scofield
18.5" high (47cm) 13.5" span (34.5cm)

Of classic Scofield design with circular bases and reeded borders engraved with contemporary armorials, supporting fluted tapering columns rising to reeded bands at the shoulders below fluted bell-shaped sconces. The swirling scroll and fluted branches partly wrapped in leaf clasps rising to plain drip pans and with part fluted cylindrical sconces and the detachable nozzles with reeded borders, all around central part fluted urns with flame finials.


The arms are those of Eliot impaling Yorke for John Eliot (1761-1823) 1st Earl of St. Germans and 2nd surviving son of Edwards Craggs Eliot who was created 1st Baron Eliot in 1784 and John's first wife Caroline Yorke, daughter of the Honourable Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor. It is highly likely that these candelabra were acquired in celebration of their marriage on September 9th 1790 at St. James Church, Westminster.

He was educated at Liskeard School before entering Pembroke College, Cambridge on 6th April 1780. In 1784 he was awarded an M.A at Cambridge and in the same year was elected M.P for Liskeard, a position he held until his father's death in 1804 thus becoming the 2nd Baron Eliot.

He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple on February 10th 1786 but seems to have had a short legal career. He was a staunch supporter of William Pitt the younger and this loyalty resulted in him being created 1st Earl of St. Germans on 28th November 1815.

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John Scofield was the greatest and most prolific candlestick and candelabra maker of the last quarter of the 18th century. Some of his finest creations were the silver-gilt candlesticks made for William Beckford of Fonthill Abbey in 1781 and those made for the Earl of Lonsdale in 1791. Unlike his contemporary John Carter, Scofield adapted the neoclassical genre into a lighter form. Whilst Carter used many design features originating from Robert Adam such as ram's heads, paterae and vitruvian scrolls, Scofield took a prevalent shape and form but sparingly used foliage preferring simple but elegant fluting with beading or reeding to enhance the borders.

His candelabra tended to be made in 3 sizes: the largest are usually 22-25 inches high,  the smaller 2-branch variety about 15" tall and the above examples at 18.5" high which are mid-sized.